Introduction — May 25, 2014
Over the past few years Iran has put considerable effort into developing its air defences. Not just guns and missiles but the technology involved in fending off air strikes, including radars and command and control systems.
This has been done has been done in response to repeated veiled threats that the West is considering “all options” to deal with Tehran’s nuclear ambitions. Foremost among these is the potential that air strikes would be launched on the country’s nuclear facilities.
That has yet to happen and with each new development unveiled by the country’s air defence forces that prospect seems less likely.
Despite Ayatollah Khamenie’s forbidding the production and stockpiling nuclear weapons, Israel has repeatedly claimed that this is precisely what Iran is doing.
Israeli Prime Minister Netanyahu even presented the United Nations with graphic cartoons in an effort to convince the world body of the threat posed by Iran.
Fortunately the world remained largely unconvinced and with each new development, like the one reported below, the prospect of U.S. led air strikes against Iran’s nuclear facilities diminishes. Iran isn’t invulnerable by any means but unlike Iraq or Afghanistan, its locally developed air defences are now nearing the point where air strikes would simply be too costly.
Iran Unveils New Air Defense Command & Control Systems
Fars News Agency — May 25, 2014
Iran’s Khatam ol-Anbia Air Defense Base on Sunday unveiled 2 new home-made command and control systems named ‘Bassir’ (Insightful) and ‘Rassoul’ (Messenger) as well as Matla ol-Fajr (Dawn) radar system in a ceremony participated by Commander of the Base Brigadier General Farzad Esmayeeli and some other high-raking commanders.
The tactical command and control systems, Bassir and Rassoul, can collect information from all databases and information gathering centers linked to the air defense system, passive and active radars, missile systems and adjacent command and control centers to provide an integrated image and map of the region to command and control all land-based and air-based defense systems fully independently.
The two systems are mobile and can be deployed in any region and under harsh geographical conditions and have a wide range of applications in electronic warfare. Utilizing an exclusive microwave network and the national fiber-optic and wired and wireless communication network as well as real-time assurance of target interception and destruction are among other capabilities of these smart systems.
Also during the ceremony, the air defense base unveiled the Matla ol-Fajr tactical and local radar communication system which provides a secure and stable tactical communication. The system transmits audio and data to the nearest defense units and command and control centers.
Information encryption, connection to national communication network, increasing the speed and preciseness of defense networks in transmitting battle-ground radar information to command-and-control centers and establishing multi-layer communications for short, middle and long distances are among the other capabilities of this system.
In February, Iran unveiled 21 radar and electronic defense projects in a ceremony participated by Defense Minister Brigadier General Hossein Dehqan.
“Today, we are witnessing inauguration of 5 production lines and unveiling of 16 defense projects,” Dehqan told reporters in the Southern city of Shiraz on Tuesday.
He said 2 radar systems for defensive surveillance, which are among the advanced detection radars for high-altitude air surveillance, are ready for being delivered to the Iranian Armed Forces.
Also in the field of radar subsystems, 2 important military lights, one x-ray lamp and a 5-liter oxygen converter for the cockpit have been manufactured, Dehqan said.
He also said that Iran has launched 6 important and strategic products in air and naval electronic fields, including sonar, subsurface telecommunication and ground systems, ground antenna and air computers installed on aircrafts and radars to identify friendly aircraft from enemies.
The Iranian defense minister also said that the country’s experts have built a smart disruptive radar system which can to jam different radar waves and certain missile guidance subsystems.
He said in the production of smart weapons, Iran has built thermal camera, eye-safe laser positioning system, laser fuse, laser guidance system for anti-armor missiles with more efficiency and lower weight compared with the foreign products which can be used in asymmetric and systematic wars, navigation systems and positioning of vessels.
Iran announced on December 10 that it plans to unveil a newly-developed advanced radar with a high target detection capability which is part of a new air defense system.
“The powerful Arash radar is one of the most important achievements of Khatam ol-Anbia Air Defense Base which will be unveiled (in the Eastern part of Iran) today,” Esmayeeli said at the time.
Stressing the indigenized nature of the radar, Esmayeeli said that Arash has been designed and built by the young Iranian scientists at Khatam ol-Anbia Air Defense Base.
“The radar has high capability in detecting and identifying targets and in electronic warfare,” he added.
The commander declined to reveal any more data or information about the details of the new air defense shield or the new radar system.
Also in September, Iran displayed a new home-made passive phased array radar system for detecting stealth targets and cruise missiles.
The passive phased array radar system was developed by the experts of Khatam ol-Anbia Air Defense Base to detect mobile targets at any altitude, track stealth targets and estimate their arrival speed and targets.
The tactical radar system which can be installed and put into operation in a short period of time do not emit any radar waves and therefore cannot be detected by the enemy. That’s why they are called Silent Radar Systems.