A few days ago a man who could have caused my death died of cancer at the ripe age of 86. He never faced a War Crimes Tribunal. He should have, and in a just world he would have. His name was Lord Aldington, and only now did I learn he was responsible for the sheer terror my decimated family of four – grandmother, mother, younger sister and I – experienced in the brutal summer of 1945 while trapped by the Red Army in the vicinity of Berlin.
We learned we were to be deported back to Russia. “Repatriation” was the euphemism. It would have meant almost certain execution or death by starvation and cold. In those lawless, bloody, brutal post-war years, as Germany lay in the dust and rubble of its destroyed and burned-out cities, it happened to millions and millions.
My mother having been warned, in a desperate flight across the Russian-British border in what we called the “Harzgebirge”, we managed to escape. However, so weak was my own sense of history that as late as 1980, I never knew that the horror we escaped had a name. It was called “Operation Keelhaul”. Millions were liquidated. Dr. Rimland
Below is a article on “Operation Keelhaul” and the man accused of having masterminded it. The article was written by one Srdja Trifkovic. (Dr. Rimland’s comments are ‘Zundelsite’).
By Srdja Trifkovic http://www.rockfordinstitute.org/NewsST121900.htm 12-19-00 (Dr. Rimland’s comments are ‘Zundelsite’).
Trifkovic: Lord Aldington, 86, a former British trade minister and Conservative Party vice chairman who filed one of Britain’s most famous libel cases against a man who labeled him a war criminal, died of cancer Dec. 8 at his home in Kent, southern England. In 1989, Lord Aldington was awarded $2.2 million in damages after winning a libel suit against historian Count Nikolai Tolstoy, a distant relative of Russian novelist Leo Tolstoy, who had written a pamphlet accusing Lord Aldington of war crimes.
Zundelsite: Censoring history by way of libel actions is unfortunately the method the rich and well-connected use against their pesky critics.
Trifkovic: As a British army officer in Austria at the end of World War II, Lord Aldington — then known by his given name, Toby Low — oversaw the repatriation of thousands of Cossack and Yugoslav refugees [ Ed. ... and, of course, the ethnic Germans from the Soviet Union and the Baltic states] . Many were subsequently killed or interned in prison camps.
At the libel trial, Lord Aldington agreed that the refugees’ fate was “ghastly” but said he had not known that many faced execution if returned to their homelands (The Washington Post, December 9, 2000).
Zundelsite: To assume that a high-ranking British Army officer in the field, whose unit daily interrogated refugees and prisoners-of-war, all of whom had either fled from, fought against, or at one time were part of Stalin’s army, is stretching credulity a bit too far. Only a fellow Lodge or Club member sitting as judge on a bench in London could be hypocritical enough to seem to believe such an answer.
Trifkovic: An obituary sometimes begs a thousand words – well worth doing in this case, especially since it’s been over a decade since we wrote about Aldington, Tolstoy, and one of the greatest untold tragedies of World War II. Zundelsite: The tragedy was not untold. There were millions of people affected by it, and detailed accounts have long been written about it. Only the British, and to a lesser degree, the American power elite suppressed it, because their clique had formulated and approved these vicious pro-Communist policies in Teheran and Yalta. They are co-guilty of what happened. They share in the responsibility for these atrocities.
Trifkovic: This is a story of heinous crimes that went unpunished and of establishment conspiracies to cover them up, of a miscarriage of justice, of one man’s quixotic efforts to tell the truth and another’s quiet campaign to keep it suppressed.
Zundelsite: Is it really “quixotic” to expose the deliberate murder of millions? At least there is now an admission that one man – not to mention his network of accomplices – tried to suppress this crime.
Trifkovic: The story starts at Yalta in February 1945, when the return of all Soviet citizens who found themselves in the Allied zone was demanded by Stalin — and was duly agreed to by Churchill and FDR. Accordingly, hundreds of thousands of Soviet POWs liberated by the Allies were sent back home, regardless of their wishes, and regardless of what Stalin had in store for them.
Zundelsite: What does that make Churchill and Roosevelt? Knowing and willing accomplices who had for years been briefed about Soviet war aims and the policies of Stalin and the behavior of his secret police and murderous Red Army. Yet they agreed to hand these people over!
Trifkovic: In addition, in May and June 1945 tens of thousands of refugees from Yugoslavia and the Soviet Union — unarmed civilians escaping communism, as well as anticommunist resistance fighters and assorted collaborationists — were rounded up by the British in Austria, and forcibly delivered to Stalin and Tito. Most of them were summarily executed, sometimes within earshot of the British.
Zundelsite: Within earshot not only of the British! Also the Czechs, the Hungarians, the Yugoslavs, Tito’s bunch of murderers, AND the Americans.
Trifkovic: Forced repatriations were known as Operation Keelhaul — the “last secret” of World War II, as Alexander Solzhenitsyn called it. Men, women, and children were forced into boxcars headed for the Soviet zone in the east, or for Slovenia in the south.
Zundelsite: Once again: It is a lie that it was a secret! It was merely a non-event, at least to those who closed their eyes to deliberate, pre-planned, Churchill- and-Roosevelt-approved, forced repatriation – which only could end in the murder of millions!
Trifkovic: Non-Soviet and non-Yugoslav citizens and Serbian royalists were supposedly exempt from the deportation order, but key military officials in the British chain of command surreptitiously included them, too. As a result émigré Russians waving French passports and British medals from the World War I were all rounded up and delivered to Stalin.
Zundelsite: This illustrates one more time the callousness of the British and American ruling elite. Lives meant nothing – power meant everything.
Trifkovic: There was panic in the camps when the inmates realized what was going on. The British lied to some that they were to be taken to Italy, or some other safe haven; if the subterfuge didn’t work they used rifle butts and bayonets as prods. Some refugees committed suicide by sawing their throats with barbed wire. Mothers threw their babies from trains into the river. To its credit one British regiment, the London Irish, refused: they went to war to fight German soldiers, they said, not to club refugee women and children.
Zundelsite: Where are the war criminal trials for the rest of those field commanders who “followed orders”? Thousands of Germans were tried, convicted, shot or hanged for “following orders”. “Obeying orders” was not allowed as an excuse by the Allied judges in postwar trials of Germans – to this day!
“Operation Keelhaul!” To this day, it is an unavenged post-war crime of immeasurable cruelty committed by the Allies. This satanic scheme was meant to punish those who had joined Germany’s heroic fight against Communism or had, in a desperate scramble through two harsh winters, tried to escape Communism’s campaigns of ethnic cleansing and genocide.
I once heard an eyewitness say at one of the historical conferences: “Like rabbits, these unlucky people were indiscriminately caught in wide, sweeping raids across Europe after the defeat of Hitler’s Germany and turned over to Stalin to perish. Men, women and children – even babies in prams.” Dr. Ingrid Rimland
Trifkovic: In late June 1945 the original policy of screening the would-be deportees was reinstated, but it was too late: most of them were already dead, or in the depths of the Gulag. The tragedy would have remained little known outside obscure émigré circles were it not for British historian Count Nikolai Tolstoy, who has dedicated his life to exposing the truth and identifying those responsible.
Zundelsite: To reinstate the screening policy after the date of the first massive Keelhaul operation was only the beginning of the white-wash and attempted cover-up – much like the “Establishing of a Royal Commission” or the “Simpson van Rhoden Commission” into the torture methods by US (largely Jewish) interrogators in the Malmedy and other post-war crimes trials.
These commissions were set up to control the facts allowed to reach a suspicious public. (Many people today remember the Warren Commission into the assassination of JFK, based on the selfsame principles…) In the West, the arrest, detention and deliberate deportation of millions to Soviet Russia is virtually unknown.
Trifkovic: This great-grand-nephew of Russia’s famous novelist [Tolstoy]– and heir to the senior line of the family — has written three books on forced repatriations, each more revealing than the previous one, as more suppressed information came to light.
Zundelsite: Maybe now that Aldington and his ilk are dying off, we might be able to get to the bottom of the British and Allied Power elites’ cold-hearted extermination plans for Europe’s elite who had temporarily freed themselves from the clutches of the banksters in the West and the Communists in the East during the Third Reich reign.
Trifkovic: In 1977 his “Victims of Yalta” was published, followed by “Stalin’s Secret War” in 1981, and then his most controversial book, “The Minister and the Massacres” (1986).
In his books Tolstoy argued that refugees not covered by the Yalta agreement — émigré Russians and royalist Yugoslavs — were forcibly repatriated because Harold Macmillan, “minister resident” in the Mediterranean and later prime minister, wanted to advance his political career by appeasing Stalin. He persuaded a British general whose 5th Army Corps occupied southern and eastern Austria to ignore a Foreign Office telegram ordering that “any person who is not (repeat not) a Soviet citizen under British law must not (repeat not) be sent back to the Soviet Union unless he expressly desires.”
Zundelsite: Harold Macmillan! That sad-faced, sad-sack excuse of a British upper crust politician who later on was the undertaker in charge of the burial of the British Empire – the man who cancelled England’s missile strike force and who abandoned the White colonists of British-African dependencies to their fate by his “wind of change” betrayal policies!
Trifkovic: Enter Lord Aldington, then a politically well-connected 30-year-old brigadier called Toby Low, who was the Fifth Corps chief of staff. He was also an aspiring Tory politician, hopeful of being nominated as a candidate at the forthcoming general election in Britain. Low had no qualms about acting upon Macmillan’s suggestions.
Zundelsite: No qualms? He admitted that the effect of his orders would be “ghastly”. It must be recalled that his orders were given after the war was lost, the shooting had stopped, the German Wehrmacht was defeated and had surrendered. There was no military justification for his actions – even of “military necessity”!
Trifkovic: On May 21, 1945 he issued an order to 5th Corps officers as to how to define Soviet citizenship: “Individual cases will NOT be considered unless particularly pressed . . . In all cases of doubt, the individual will be treated as a SOVIET NATIONAL.”
The émigrés’ fate was thus sealed. Tolstoy named Aldington in his last book as the chief executor of the policy of forced repatriation on the ground, the man who went way beyond the call of duty in carrying out Macmillan’s instructions, and who did so in contravention of orders.
Zundelsite: By this phrasing of the order – “. . . unless particularly pressed” – it is clear Aldington knew exactly what he was doing. It was premeditated. This was his “escape clause” to hypocritically be able to claim, should anyone find out what he had done, “Well, all they had to do was to press their claim!”
From behind barbed wire? At bayonet point? While being clubbed into submission by rifle butts?
The British Establishment clearly recognized that all of their wartime and post-war policies would one day become open to scrutiny – if Revisionists like Tolstoy would gain broad acceptance. That would have threatened their house of cards. No wonder they came to the rescue of their own disgraceful policies!
Trifkovic: The charges were serious, by British standards quite scandalous in fact, but Aldington was reluctant to sue Tolstoy over the book. He did sue one Nigel Watts instead, however, an obscure property developer who distributed a pamphlet — written by Tolstoy — in which Aldington was called a war criminal. The pamphlet included the following statements:
“As was anticipated by virtually everyone concerned, the overwhelming majority of these defenceless people, who reposed implicit trust in British honour, were either massacred in circumstances of unbelievable horror immediately following their handover, or condemned to a lingering death in Communist gaols and forced labour camps. These operations were achieved by a combination of duplicity and brutality without parallel in British history since the Massacre of Glencoe. . . The man who issued every order and arranged every detail of the lying and brutality which resulted in these massacres was Brigadier Toby Low, Chief of Staff to General Keightley’s 5 Corps, subsequently ennobled by Harold Macmillan as the 1st Baron Aldington . . . The evidence is overwhelming that he arranged the perpetration of a major war crime in the full knowledge that the most barbarous and dishonourable aspects of his operations were throughout disapproved and unauthorised by the higher command, and in the full knowledge that a savage fate awaited those he was repatriating… a major war criminal, whose activities merit comparison with those of the worst butchers of Nazi Germany or Soviet Russia.”
Zundelsite: Where is the evidence for Nazi Germany turning over Russian nationals or Soviet citizens whom they had captured by the thousands when they took over Poland? Or Paris, where there was also a large, fiercely anti-Communist Russian emigré population, numbering hundreds of thousands that Stalin would have loved to lay his bloody hands on?
Hitler was briefly allied with Stalin then in a non-aggression pact for almost two years. It would have been easy to turn them all over. Not a single case of a single expatriate Russian being delivered to Stalin’s henchmen during that period is recorded in history. Not one!
Trifkovic: As the author of the text Tolstoy felt honour-bound to include himself as Watts’ co-defendant. At the trial Aldington freely acknowledged signing the repatriation orders, but claimed that there was “no way” he could have known the refugees would be killed: “We were told that international law would be obeyed.”
Zundelsite: This man had no shame. This naive answer coming from a British Army field officer about the Red Army in May and June of 1945 is really, really rich! To speak of “international law being obeyed” in the blood bath that followed the Third Reich’s defeat is adding insult to inhuman injury!
What the Allies did to a defeated foe is unworthy of Western civilization – as history will one day know and acknowledge, thanks to Revisionist research the world over.
Trifkovic: His mission in Austria accomplished, Brigadier Low returned to England on some unknown date in May 1945 to be selected as the Conservative MP for Blackpool — the beginning of the slow rise that would see him ennobled (by Macmillan!) and ushered into the boardrooms and elite gentlemen’s clubs of Britain. The exact date of his return is highly significant: Tolstoy argued that Low did not leave Austria until after the key order on indiscriminate deportations was issued, and therefore it was he who — contrary to the orders issuing from Yalta — was personally responsible for the crime.
Zundelsite: Is there a flaw in this line of argument? The Western Allies – to this day and for the last 56 years – have used exactly this kind of “chain of command, chain of events” logic when going after Germans and their allies, down to lowly camp guards like John Demjanjuk.
Trifkovic: When the trial came, it should have been possible, easy even, to prove the order of events and name the man who had issued the orders. The British are efficient administrators, and the Public Record Office should have contained the answer. Some of the relevant documents Tolstoy had copied when he researched his books, but when he went back he found that the old boy network had done its work. All key documents related to the case had been sent to various government ministries — notably to the Foreign Office and the Ministry of Defence — and duly “misplaced.” When Tolstoy’s researcher asked for these documents, including reports and signals relating to Aldington, she was told they were “not available.” Only after the trial had started was Tolstoy given a photocopy of the most important of the files, but four-fifths of the contents were missing.
Zundelsite: That is also the modus operandi in many of the Nuremberg and subsequent proceedings where only incriminating documents and witnesses were looked for and admitted. Exonerating documents, circumstances and even witnesses known by the German defence lawyers to be in US or British POW camps were not produced because “. . . they could not be located in the camps”.
Trifkovic: Lord Aldington had no such problem: the files were not only readily available to him, but delivered to his office by government couriers. “Dear George,” he wrote to George Younger, the (then) Defence Secretary, on March 8, 1987, “you are a friend who will understand my distress . . . if the files can be brought to the Westminster area in a series of bundles, that would be very helpful.” “Dear George” duly obliged. Aldington’s mind eventually clarified as to the date on which he had finally left Austria – he gave three dates in three interviews — but there were no records by which these could be confirmed.
Zundelsite: You wonder how many helping hands were found in the Allied occupation army hierarchy and in the vassal regimes they established all over Europe, beginning with the three Germanys – that is, East and West Germany and Austria. It’s easy to get convictions against your enemies in this way.
Trifkovic: Heavily influenced by the trial judge, the jury found against Tolstoy and awarded Lord Aldington astronomic damages — a million and a half pounds sterling — in November 1990. Tolstoy, who declared bankruptcy, was denied the right to appeal.
Zundelsite: That, too, is the way it is done these days. By cutting off appeals, you do not have to assassinate your enemies the way the Mossad and Communist spy services do to their enemies in Palestine and elsewhere – as in the case of Stephan Bandera, the emigré Ukrainian leader in Munich in the 1950s.
Trifkovic: Aware that Tolstoy was penniless after the libel verdict, Britain’s High Court ruled that he had no right to appeal unless he came up with almost $200,000.00 in advance to cover Aldington’s legal expenses. The court further denied Tolstoy access to a $1m defense fund that had been set up in his name, and to which Alexander Solzhenitsyn and the late Graham Greene had contributed. The British establishment, and in particular to the grandees who were friends of Aldington — the man on first-name terms with ministers in every Tory government since the war — got the desired verdict. As far as they were concerned, a crank — and a foreign crank at that — had received his well-deserved comeuppance.
Zundelsite: Like Irving two decades later!
Trifkovic: L’affaire Tolstoy proved yet again that British libel laws are flawed. The machinery of the British government seemed to tilt the scales of justice, and the state apparently interfered in a private court case. The Human Rights Court at Strasbourg ruled in a unanimous judgment that the failure to permit an appeal was “unfitting for a democratic society and “constituted a violation of the applicant’s right . . . to freedom of expression.”
Zundelsite: So what did that toothless tiger of a “Court” do in Strasbourg? Did it force the British to overturn that verdict? Ask for a new trial? No. It kept wringing its manicured hands. As the Zundelsite: has pointed out so many times, the courts of Western Civilizations have been captured and subverted by the Fifth Column operatives in our midst.
Trifkovic: A recent reminder of the travesty of justice perpetrated under British libel laws concerned two ITN journalists who successfully sued the LM Magazine (see ‘Tears of the Mighty’ by Jared Israel). Free speech was damaged both times, and — in the absence of the First Amendment equivalent — free speech is not so strong in Britain that it can take such damage. But, as Cambridge historian Michael Stenton points out, for as long as the rich have all the legal advantages, the chance of constitutional reform is poor indeed: “When historical truth becomes intensely politicized it is possible to get trapped on the wrong side of the factual fence by sympathies and first impressions. All we can do, and must do, is promise to climb over the fence if the evidence demands it.”
Zundelsite: No, Mr. Stenton of effete snob Cambridge! There is another solution far more honest and effective. Follow the American example. Enact an American style constitution and enshrine Free Speech as a fundamental right, as guaranteed finally to US citizens by the adoption of the First Amendment. Don’t climb over the fence – tear the fence down!
Trifkovic: Lord Aldington’s remarkable claim that he had had absolutely no idea what the fate of these people would be was a lie. Everyone knew, and Aldington’s awareness of the draconian nature of his orders was reflected in the official name of the operation — “Keelhaul.” Keelhauling was a disciplinary measure on English ships in the old days: a seaman guilty of some grave offence would have a loop of a rope attached under his arms, to be thrown into the water and dragged all the way from the stern to the bow of the ship before being hauled out again. (This had the advantage that some of the barnacles would be scraped from the ship’s bottom, but few survived such treatment.)
Zundelsite: The cynicism of these upper crust Boys’ Schools’ products responsible for Keelhaul is what is the most shocking of all.
Trifkovic: After Tolstoy’s trial his “Minister and the Massacres” was banned from British libraries and universities. Although the British government would like to silence Tolstoy and any reference to forced repatriation, the issue will never go away. Ever the idealist, Tolstoy hopes that sooner or later it will have to come clean and apologize for the crimes of its agents in occupied Central Europe in that awful spring of 1945. He recalls that Prime Minister Tony Blair recently issued an apology on behalf of Britain for the 19th century potato blight in Ireland, “though many historians and members of the public found it hard to envisage in what way that tragedy could be regarded as a direct responsibility of the government of the day, let alone its late 20th century successor.” He also points out that the British government “pressed consistently and successfully” for German and Japanese governments to compensate British victims of their wartime atrocities.
Zundelsite: It will take a greater man than the “Clinton-by-the-Thames” rock musician turned Prime Minister. Millions were deliberately killed as a direct result of an Allied agreed-to policy. Only when a re-awakened sense of honor and decency in England and America – and a Germany which has shaken off its shackles of induced guilt – will press consistently and successfully that all the archives, not just the censored, sanitized few, are opened to scholarly scrutiny, and only when victors as well as vanquished will be allowed to research, probe, dissect and correlate what really led to and caused World War II, and why WWII was fought in the first place, and only if these scholars will be allowed to publish their findings, will the world free itself from this demonic influence which poisons, pollutes and obscures everything.
Trifkovic: Lord Aldington won his court case thanks to the twisted British libel laws and thanks to the Kafkaesque nature of Britain’s power structure, but wherever he is now he may be wondering if it was a victory worth having. That flawed man, disdainful of the suffering of such lesser breeds as Slavs, cynically manipulative and devoid of any capacity for moral distinctions, is beyond human judgment now; but one hopes that much higher court will take a dim view of his life and times. May his name live in infamy.