Introduction – July 11, 2020
Iran has agreed to supply Syria with two of its indigenously developed air defence systems: the Khordad-3 and the Bavar 373. The Khordad-3 has already proven itself by shooting down a U.S. Global Hawk drone in June 2019. The two systems can work in tandem with the longer range Bavar-373 providing longer range air defence while the Khordad-3 provides medium range cover.
Russia was supposed to have delivered S-300 air defence systems to Syria in 2018 but has yet to do so. In the meantime Israel has launched repeated air strikes on the country, which its aging air defences have been unable to repel.
The message is clear. For Russia: if Moscow is unable or unwilling to deliver the S-300 to Syria Iran will step in with a locally developed counterpart, which Tehran claims is more capable than the Russia system.
For Israel there is now the possibility that Iranian forces could deploy in strength close to the border. This is a nightmare prospect for Israel, which it will do all in its power to avoid. That means absolutely nothing can be ruled out including direct conflict.
Iran to deploy two air defense missile systems to Syria: report
Tehran Times — July 11, 2020
Citing “informed sources from Iran and Syria”, the daily said that the agreement has two military and political parts. It said the most important thing in the military part is for Iran to provide Syria with its advanced air defense systems such as the Bavar-373 and Khordad-3 missile systems, which means that the two countries have decided to change the rules of engagement in Syrian airspace and to respond to the repeated Israeli raids on Syrian soil.
Bavar-373 is an Iranian-made long-range surface-to-air system, which was formally unveiled on August 22, 2019. The system is manufactured by the Iranian Defense Ministry. Khordad-3 is an indigenous air defense system, which has an operational range of between 50 and 75 kilometers. Iran has used the Khordad-3 system in the downing of the U.S. Global Hawk drone on June 20, 2019.
Iran and Syria signed the military and security agreement on Wednesday which is aimed at boosting military and technical cooperation and coordination to counter increasing challenges and threats. The agreement was signed by Chief of Staff of Iran’s Armed Forces Major General Mohammad Bagheri and Syrian Defense Minister Ali Abdullah Ayyoub.
“Continued war against the Takfiri terrorism, which is being supported by certain regional and international powers, is one of the objectives of this agreement,” the two sides said in a joint statement.
The Beirut-based al-Akhbar newspaper also said that the agreement “includes that Tehran develops and strengthens the Syrian air defense systems”. The Lebanese newspaper also said that General Bagheri “has discussed in Damascus the importance of the withdrawal of illegal foreign forces [from Syria] and countering the Israeli raids”.
Raialyoum also said the political agenda of the continued American-Israeli pressure is to force Iran to leave Syria, a move that is intended to lay the groundwork for the dismantling of the strategic alliance between the two countries.
According to the sources of Raialyoum, the Iran-Syria military agreement has delivered a strong message to the U.S and Israel and underlined the strength of this alliance.