The Hammer and the Pendulum

By Richard Noone, update at end of article

“In a polar region there is a continual deposition of ice, which is not symmetrically distributed about the pole. The earth’s rotation acts on these unsymmetrically deposited masses (of ice), and produces centrifugal momentum that is transmitted to the rigid crust of the earth. The constantly increasing centrifugal momentum produced in this way will, when it has reached a certain point, produce a movement of the earth’s crust over the rest of the earth’s body, and will displace the polar regions toward the equator.” Albert Einstein

The shift in the Earth’s crust was as sudden as it was devastating. It moved with such deadly force, with such overwhelming ferocity that it caught everything in its path unaware and unsuspecting. It came like a great white shark from the ocean depths its jaws open wide ready to close on its victim. Nothing signified its approach, nothing warned of its danger.

Like a thief in the night, the deadly force moved, secretly and silently, propelled by centrifugal forces, its primeval power multiplying in strength, multiplying in intensity and with ever increasing velocity it carried its deadly power encased in the frigid ice of the poles, and with a suddenness born of seeming desperation, it tore the planets rigid crust asunder. There was a moment of seeming indecision, and then the earth virtually ignited in angry response as volcanos erupted and deadly earthquakes shook the globe.

The cataclysm came literally out of the blue, shattering the earth’s crust and driving the ocean into a maelstrom of death as the waters, riling in rage, burst across the land in 100 foot waves that afforded no warning to the inhabitants, no mercy for the living. A great civilization was reduced to rubble. With the passage of time only a legend of the dream of the Golden Age that had been remained in the minds of those who survived. Those that could had sought protection in the hills, others, less fortunate but no less determined, fought it out with nature with a courage born of desperation. Few prevailed, but those that did wandered the ruins like wild children. They had been stripped of their basic necessities and their dreams of tomorrow that their civilization had provided. Bewildered, their trust in God, in Nature, and even in their fellow man, shattered, yet driven by the instinct to survive, they began the task of forging a living from what remained, knowing nothing of what tomorrow would bring! It would be many years, and countless aftershocks, before the event was over, so, without choice, they lived minute by minute with an anxiety born of panic,wondering, always wondering, if, or when, the earth would shift again.

Dramatic? Perhaps, but no less true. Newly published evidence that is as exciting as any Hollywood disaster script, or a synopsis of an historical geological event that transpired in remote antiquity, demonstrates that there was a geological Armageddon of such magnitude that it is almost beyond comprehension. Catastrophic earth changes of this magnitude have been a part of earth’s history since time began, and with no less certainty they will be a part of its future. So as unpleasant as it may seem, it behooves us to take an investigative look at the theories that have attempted to explain these great periods of global death and extinction. Strangely, few theories have come from the orthodox community, but those that have are better characterized as let-me-guess theories that seem to answer nothing. The more effectual efforts have come from a few seriously dedicated authors who have picked up the reins from Professor Charles H. Hapgood and have advanced his work to the level of a working model.

Many readers will identify with Professor Hapgood for the cautious and comprehensive manner that he drafted his landmark books, Earth’s Shifting Crust, (1958); Maps of the Ancient Sea Kings: Evidence of Advanced Civilization in the Ice Age, (1966); and The Path of the Pole, (1970). Professor Hapgood is perhaps better known to the geophysical community for having laid out the hard evidence, as indeed many modern researchers are now coming to realize, that the science we see at the dawn of recorded history was not science at its dawning, but represents the remnants of the science of some great and as yet untraced civilization. In my own book on this subject, 5/5/2000, Ice: The Ultimate Disaster, I sought to answer the many questions that were before me by inviting other professionals to share their thoughts through interviews that I replicate for the reader. The beautiful thing about an interview is that they solicit spontaneous responses that often express a deeper meaning than if the words had been prepared in advance for publication. Some of the interviews were so thoroughly thought provoking that I felt exhilarated by the experience, and would sit quietly for long periods afterward just wondering:

From where did the marvels of this earth, of this incredible world, originate? Reflecting on this, one questions…how accurate are we in our belief that one continent, Pangea, broke up and dispersed its part? And how accurate are we in our belief, though there is no modern analogue, that 17,000 years ago, glacial ice began to form in the temperate climates of the mid-latitudes as an onset to the Ice Ages? And how accurate are we in our belief that a 5000 mile front of ice could retreat thousands of miles northward with no other earth change being apparent. There is no modern analogue for events of this magnitude! Do mountains form, and rivers run, again, for reasons that have no modern analogue?

How is it that every natural phenomenon that we are in witness to today has no analogue known to science? Nothing seems to be caused by anything that we are the least bit familiar with! Why is this the case? Why, when we’re confronted with the overwhelming geological evidence that this insidious calamity has destroyed our ancestral civilizations on more than one occasion, haven’t we learned the cause? Have we become so sophisticated, so arrogant in our thinking, that we feel immune? Or have we, mankind, not wanting to face the horrifying truth of surging waters, chosen instead, like the Lotus-Eaters of Greek mythology who ate of the fruit of the lotus, forgotten our past and live now in blissful indolence? Whichever the case, whether its arrogance, or indolence, the cause has eluded identification and has solicited silence. But silence, as the universal refuge, has become insufficient because the question: “What could cause these hideous calamities?” thunders forth demanding an answer. In the paragraphs ahead, we will seek an answer to this geological mystery. We will seek the cause.

In, Gemini, and the Great Pyramid, by James Bowles, who, in addressing these very same wonders, wrote:
“There have always been differing views…some authors, following a course of evolution, have found evidence of slow movements of the continents and the gradual evolution of life forms. Others, differing from this course, formulated a role for catastrophic intervention that usurped the tranquility of the planet in brief episodes of chaos. Different as these views are we might conclude that they found their origin in worlds apart. But how is that possible? They all used the same geological and fossil evidences…after all there is but one! Then how did they separate in view and come to opposite conclusions?”

In answer, Bowles quotes R. J. Campbell:
“If the intellect were thoroughly reliable there ought to be no room for differences. But unfortunately it is not, so, two individuals both intelligent and both conscientious, may form diametrically opposite judgements from exactly the same evidence.”

If Campbell is right, and instinct assures me that he is, than perhaps the philosophic differences between the proponents of gradual evolution, a theory modernly coupled with Uniformitarianism, and those of the catastrophic earth-change camp, or Catastrophism, though seemingly worlds apart, may not be one so much of fact, as perception. Initial acceptance of this as a rudimentary truth could bring us to a point of agreement, on one issue at least, that being that it should be outside of the realm of debate, as this author reminds us, that there is but a single set of cultural, geological and fossil evidences in existence for any of us to explore [or exploit]! That accepted as a basic truth, we can reasonably take the next step and find a second point of agreement based on the original premise; this being that the philosophic difference between Uniformitarianism and Catastrophism is not one based on fact but of interpretation.

These facts or perception queries, are not new to this article. They were originally submitted by the most noted of all authorities on this matter, the very same British biologist who gave up his own biological research to champion Darwin’s theory of evolution, Professor Thomas Henry Huxley, (1825-1879). So, in acknowledging the impeccable credentials of this most noted scientist, I humbly submit that few modern day biologists, or earth science researchers, would likely withhold agreement with the Professor, who in 1869 addressed the Geological Society with the proposition that catastrophe was part and parcel with uniformity. Huxley wrote:

To my mind there appears to be no sort of theoretical antagonism between Catastrophism and Uniformitarianism; on the contrary, it is very conceivable that catastrophes may be a part and parcel of uniformity.

Let me illustrate my case by analog. The working of a clock is a model of uniform action. Good timekeeping means uniformity of action. But the striking of a clock is essentially catastrophe.

The hammer might be made to blow up a barrel of gunpowder, or turn on a deluge of water, and by proper arrangement the clock, instead of marking the hours, might strike all sorts of irregular intervals, never twice alike in the intervals, force or numbers of its blows.

Nevertheless, all these irregular and apparently lawless catastrophes would be the result of an absolutely Uniformitarian action, and we might have two schools of clock theorists, one studying the hammer and the other the pendulum.

So if uniformity and catastrophe, rather than being the antagonists that perception has separated into evolutionary and creationist camps, became the new paradigm of agreement instead, what specific action would it take to bring the metaphorical hammer & pendulum into synchronous motion so that the pendulum, in laying out the passage of geological time, was coordinated with the striking of the geographical patterned hammer? A unification theory perhaps?

There have been various attempts at unification, but each has failed, largely, I suggest, because insufficient consideration has ever been given to the fact that Nature’s Laws are in control of the motions of the hammer & the pendulum; but scientists don’t know what laws these may be, or where to look, or where to go or what to do to find out, and so to this very day, these laws remain undefined. The hammer & the pendulum parable that we have been discussing here, so that we keep it fresh in our minds, is about the earth sciences. We are talking about the formation of continents, of mountains, of the re-establishment of stagnant rivers to their primeval heights. We are talking about earthquakes, volcanos, and the earth’s magnetic field. We are talking about catastrophic episodes that have churned the crust into a menagerie of the dead. We are noting the fact that nothing is original; every particle of the earth’s crust has been re-cycled. The evidence is so pervasive that its very presence is proof in itself of catastrophe. There can be but scant debate on this issue, for the entire expanse of the crust’s upper layers, top to bottom, side to side, is one huge grave yard.

The remains, which number in the tens of millions, are interspersed in the tundras of the North, the caves and fissures of the mid-latitudes, and the sedimentary rock of the continental and ocean basins! Fossil and un-fossilized, bone and tissue, human and animal. There are sea shells buried on mountain tops and trees standing upright on the ocean floor. There have been crustal fissure openings of such dimension that the hot magmas flowed so freely as to cover thousands of square miles of Washington, Oregon, and Idaho in the United States with lava hundreds of feet thick in a region called the Columbia Plateau. The lava floods of India, known as the Deccan Traps, spilled an incredible 480,000 cubic miles of lava across the earth. Another, twice the size of Alaska and over 25 miles thick, called the Ontong Java Plateau, lies on the ocean floor near the Solomon islands, and similar fields are found in Siberia and elsewhere, and across it all lies the undisguised evidence of glacial scouring.

There are other natural events whose explanation are outside of the scope of orthodoxy. Not the least of which is the origin of earthquakes, volcanos, the magnetic field, the Ice Ages, fossils on mountain tops and trees on ocean bottoms, sandy ocean beaches at 15,000 foot elevations, ancient coral in northern ocean waters, and one of the most obvious of all, the terrain around lake Titicaca in the Peruvian Andes. Here, in the history of Lake Titicaca, lies one of the best records of catastrophic earth change in existence. The Lake, about 140 miles long by 70 wide, is situated 360 miles east, as the crow flies, of Nasca, and lies right on the border between Peru and Bolivia at an elevation of about 12,500 feet. Graham Hancock, author of the best selling, Fingerprints of the Gods, tells the story, which I paraphrase:

Though now more than two miles above sea level, the area around Lake Titicaca is littered with millions upon millions of fossilized sea shells. This suggests that at some stage the whole of the Altiplano was forced upwards from the sea bed. It has retained, until the present day, an ocean marine rather than fresh water fish and crustacea…the lake’s extent appears to have fluctuated enormously, indicated by the existence of an ancient strand line visible on much of the surrounding terrain…

Much harder to explain is the irrefutable evidence that the city of Tiahuanaco, [pronounced T‘´a-wa-nö´kÇ] was once a port, complete with extensive docks, and is now] marooned about twelve miles south of the lake and more than 100 feet higher than the present shore line.

Dr. Albert Einstein wrote the Forward to Professor Charles H. Hapgood’s book, Earth’s Shifting Crust. One sentence, in reference to a crustal shift, should be repeated today:
“I think this rather astonishing, even fascinating, idea deserves the serious attention of anyone who concerns himself with the theory of earth’s development.”

Hapgood’s extraordinary ability to marshal data from many diverse fields and put the information into a comprehensive and understandable form, make his books, Earth’s Shifting Crust, Maps of the Ancient Sea Kings: Evidence of Advanced Civilization in the Ice Age, and The Path of the Pole, an excellent library resource for both reference and casual, exciting, reading. In these books, Hapgood, and other distinguished scholars like him, collaborate on a world scale, connecting bodies of knowledge, which to other minds would have been lost, abandoned, or destroyed today. Anyone who concerns himself with geology, or history, will find these invaluable works a riveting read.

There are few records extant prior to six thousand years ago. What we have instead, thanks to the great book burners of history, are legends, myths and folklore of cultures world wide, which curiously agree as to past watery conflagrations and pole shifts. Common sense dictates that we should attempt to determine at what point in the future we may expect another visit. How close in geological time are we to the next striking of The Hammer? I am reminded by these thoughts of an appeal, “…to follow one’s instincts to ask and to question,” that Charles H. Hapgood made in his book, The Path of the Pole:

“Let me say a final word to the students, the young men and woman in our colleges and high schools: The mysteries of the earth beckon to you. What man now knows is little enough, and most of his general concepts in every field are vitiated by the artificial concepts he has created to cover his ignorance. These concepts must be destroyed. One tool exists that can accomplish this destruction, and this tool is in your hands. It is simply curiosity – the instinct to ask and to question. It should be kept sharp and used without mercy.”

5/5/2000, Ice: The Ultimate Disaster, by Richard Noone.
Published by Randon House, Value Press, ISBN 0609 800671


The following lines were transcribed by a Nexus reader who smuggled them out of the Mitchell Library in Sidney, Australia, where they were kept under lock and key, deemed ‘unsuitable’ for public viewing. They are purported to be the work of Ursula Sontheil, born in Norfolk in 1488 she is probably better known today as Mother Shipton. We leave you to draw your own conclusions:

When pictures seem alive with movement free
When boats like fishes swim beneath the sea…

…Mother Shipton.

The tides will rise beyond their ken
To bite away the shores, and then
The mountains will begin to roar
And earthquakes split the plain to shore.

And flooding waters, rushing in
Will flood the lands with such a din
That mankind cowers in muddy fen
And snarls about his fellow men…

And in some far-off distant land
Some men – oh such a tiny band
Will leave their solid mount
And span the Earth, those few to count

Who survives this (unreadable) and then
Begin the human race again.
But not on lands already there
But on ocean beds, stark, dry and bare.

…Not every land on earth will sink
But these will wallow in stench and stink
Of rotting bodies of beast and man
Of vegetation crisped on land.

But the land that rises from the sea
Will be dry and clean and soft and free
Of mankind’s dirt and therefore be
The source of man’s new dynasty.

“There are two water serpents, one at each pole
with a warrior sitting on his head and tail. These
command nature to warn us by her activities that
time is getting short and we must correct ourselves.
If we refuse to heed these warnings the warriors
will let go of the serpants, they will rise up, and
all will perish.”

Ancient American Indian, Hopi Prophecy

Whilst the theory outlined in the article above may well be valid, the date proposed 5-5-00, has already come and gone without event. However, December 23 2012 is a much more likely contender for the event. Marked on the ancient Mayan calenders it was said to signal the end of the “fourth world” and the begining of the next.

Also see Back to the Future parts 1 and 2:

‘Worlds Before Our Own’

And ‘Legends of the Flood’