Ancient lakes on Mars suggest the red planet could have hosted life

Introduction — Sept 17, 2016

Before space exploration really got underway, one of the 20th century’s most enigmatic esoteric teachers, GI Gurdjieff, taught that Mars had been humanity’s home planet before human civilisation there was destroyed.
Bizzarre rock formation of the head of a statue on Martian surface?

Bizzarre rock formation or the head of a statue on Martian surface? Click to enlarge

This was billions of years ago, before human beings began to incarnate here on Earth.
Apparently due to humanity’s wrongdoings on Mars higher powers decided to scrap the project there and restart it here. Using apes, then resident on Earth, which were modified over a period of generations to provide suitable hosts for the former residents of Mars to incarnate into.
Moreover, it should be noted that these changes were not wrought by physical instruments. Rather they were brought about through spiritual forces working through the medium of the ape’s instincts and impulses.
This may explain why archaeologists are still looking for the “missing” link and why they may never find it.
So humanity didn’t travel here by spaceship. Instead spiritual forces worked on the apes and modified, refined and uplifted them so that human souls could then incarnate in them.
This is echoed in an epic of ancient Hindu mythology the Ramayana, which depicts events that have been dated to have taken place approximately 1.75 billion years ago.
While this doesn’t entirely negate the Darwinian idea of evolution it introduces new elements; wherein higher spiritual forces are actively involved in the process of evolution.
This may also explain the many anomalies that are being found on the surface of Mars. These are the vestiges of once highly developed human civilisation that existed there billions of years ago. Ed.

Ancient lakes on Mars suggest the red planet could have hosted life for a BILLION years longer than we thought

Abigail Beall — Mail Online Sept 16, 2016

Valleys much younger than well-known ancient valley networks on Mars are evident near the informally named "Heart Lake" on Mars. Click to enlarge

Valleys much younger than well-known ancient valley networks on Mars are evident near the informally named “Heart Lake” on Mars. Click to enlarge

We already know at one point the dry, arid planet Mars was covered in vast oceans – but our understanding of when this ended has just completely changed.

It used to be thought the red planet’s ‘wet era’ happened around 4 billion years ago, when the first single-celled life was developing on Earth.

Now, new evidence shows the planet was covered in networks of lakes and streams for a billion years after that.

This means the red planet could have hosted microbial life for a billion years longer than we thought.

Nasa researchers made the discovery by dating 22 impact craters on the planet.

‘We discovered valleys that carried water into lake basins,’ said Sharon Wilson from the Smithsonian Institution in Washington.

‘Several lake basins filled and overflowed, indicating there was a considerable amount of water on the landscape during this time.’

Ms Wilson and colleagues found evidence of these features in Mars’ northern Arabia Terra region, by studying images from cameras on the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter.

They also used data from Nasa’s Mars Global Surveyor and the European Space Agency’s Mars Express.

‘One of the lakes in this region was comparable in volume to Lake Tahoe,’ Ms Wilson said, referring to a California-Nevada lake that holds about 45 cubic miles (188 cubic km) of water.

‘This particular Martian lake was fed by an inlet valley on its southern edge and overflowed along its northern margin, carrying water downstream into a very large, water-filled basin we nicknamed “Heart Lake”.’

The chain of lakes and valleys in the Heart Lake valley system extend for about 90 miles (about 150 km).

Heart Lake held about 670 cubic miles of water (2,790 cubic km), more than in Lake Ontario of North America’s Great Lakes.

The study, published in the Journal of Geophysical Research, Planets, maps the extent of stream-flow in ‘fresh shallow valleys’ and their associated former lakes.

In order to work out how old the lakes were, the researchers estimated the age of 22 impact craters in the area.

The researchers worked out whether or not the valleys carved into the blankets of surrounding debris ejected from the craters, which told them whether the valleys were older or younger than the craters.

The conclusion was the wet period on Mars likely occurred between two and three billion years ago.

This is long after it is generally thought most of Mars’ original atmosphere had been lost and most of the remaining water on the planet had frozen.

The valleys indicate it was a cold planet, with the lakes and streams fed by melting snow.

‘The rate at which water flowed through these valleys is consistent with runoff from melting snow,’ Wilson said.

‘These weren’t rushing rivers. They have simple drainage patterns and did not form deep or complex systems like the ancient valley networks from early Mars.’

‘A key goal for Mars exploration is to understand when and where liquid water was present in sufficient volume to alter the Martian surface and perhaps provide habitable environments,’ said Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter scientist Rich Zurek, from Nasa’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena.

‘This paper presents evidence for episodes of water modifying the surface on early Mars for possibly several hundred million years later than previously thought, with some implication that the water was emplaced by snow, not rain.’

The findings are likely to prompt more studies into how conditions warmed enough on the frozen planet to allow an interval with flowing water.

One possibility could be an extreme change in the planet’s tilt, with more direct illumination of polar ice.