Telegraph.co.uk — Jan 28, 2016
Sweden and Finland intend to expel up to 100,000 migrants who arrived in 2015 and whose application for asylum has been rejected, the countries’ interior ministers have said.
Sweden is likely to deport up to half last year’s record 163,000 asylum seekers either voluntarily or forcibly, its government said earlier on Thursday, while Finland expects to expel nearly 20,000 migrants out of the 32,000 who sought asylum last year.
The vast majority of Finland’s asylum seekers last year came from Iraq.
The proposed measures were announced as Europe struggles to deal with a crisis that has seen tens of thousands of migrants arrive on Greek beaches, with the passengers – mostly fleeing conflict in Syria, Iraq and Afghanistan – undeterred by cold wintry conditions.
“We are talking about 60,000 people but the number could climb to 80,000,” Anders Ygeman, the interior minister, was quoted as saying by Swedish media, adding that the government had asked the police and authorities in charge of migrants to organise their expulsion.
Paivi Nerg, the Finnish permanent secretary, told Reuters: “20,000 is the estimate we are working with at the moment, but the number of asylum seekers who decide to return voluntarily could change it.”
That would be roughly 62 per cent expelled. It compared with 56 per cent in 2014, when there were only 3,651 applications.
Ms Nerg said that the ministry is planning to set up separate transit centres for those to be deported from those wanting to leave the country voluntarily.
About 4,000 asylum seekers had already withdrawn their applications, she said. Ms Nerg said all the last year’s applications should be processed by the end of Augus.
The UN said more than 46,000 people have arrived in Greece so far this year, with more than 170 people killed making the dangerous crossing.
Mr Ygeman said the expulsions, normally carried out using commercial flights, would have to be done using specially chartered aircraft, given the large numbers, staggered over several years.
Sweden, which is home to 9.8 million people, is one of the European Union countries that has taken in the largest number of refugees in relation to its population. Sweden accepted more than 160,000 asylum seekers last year.
But the number of migrant arrivals has dropped dramatically since Sweden enacted systematic photo ID checks on travellers on January 4.
Swedish officials on Tuesday called for greater security at overcrowded asylum centres a day after the fatal stabbing of an employee at a refugee centre for unaccompanied youths.
The alleged attacker was a young male residing at a centre for youngsters aged 14 to 17 in Molndal near Gothenburg on Sweden’s west coast.
The employee was 22-year-old Alexandra Mezher, according to Swedish media reports, whose family was originally from Lebanon. A motive for the attack was not immediately clear.
Her death has led to questions about overcrowded conditions inside some centres, with too few adults and employees to take care of children, many traumatised by war.
Some have likened the Danish proposals to the confiscation of gold and other valuables from Jews by the Nazis during the Holocaust.