Fukushima Watch — August 26, 2015
The Big Apple has been beaten to death by big budget disaster flicks including No Escape From New York, The Day After Tomorrow and Armageddon. Dense populations and looming skyscrapers make major cities an ideal location for films bent on death and destruction. Disaster films are wonderful pieces of fiction; nevertheless, they underline an important truth — namely, major cities are in no way prepared to evacuate during a serious crisis.
Of course, we didn’t need a big budget disaster movie to remind us that we are in no way prepared to cope with the debacles that have and will plague humanity. Hurricane Katrina was a horrific illustration of the hubris of man colliding with Mother Nature.
Prior to the disaster, the Federal Emergency Management Agency was confident that it was prepared for the storm. FEMA director Michael Brown claimed that the evacuation was going smoothly. The day before disaster struck, however, Mr. Brown did not actually encourage people to leave the city, even though the storm had been upgraded to a category type five.“There’s still time to take action now, but you must be prepared and take shelter and other emergency precautions immediately,” he said. After the hurricane made landfall, approximately 100,000 people were stuck inside New Orleans for days.(1, 2)
In spite of Mr. Brown’s remarks, it became quickly apparent the day before the storm hit that evacuation orders were not going according to plan. The original plan was for people with cars to head north. People who lacked transportation would be picked up by buses, and were advised to have three days worth of supplies.
Crucial mistake traps thousands of people in superdome
As is the problem with most major cities, the highways became incredibly dense as people tried to evacuate. In an effort to speed up traffic, city officials decided that they would send people on the buses to the Superdome temporarily, which was closer to the storm. This last minute decision played a crucial role in the disaster that followed.
The Superdome was intended to be used as a last resort refuge by the city. The plan was to move the people inside the Superdome to storm shelters past I-12 after the storm hit. Once the levees broke, however, thousands of more people flocked to the Superdome. The buses that were going to take the people to the storm shelters were entombed in water.(3)
Americans sat in disbelief in front of their television screens as they laid witness to the worst civil engineering disaster in United States history. People trapped inside houses fled to their roofs as water swallowed the city. The Superdome occupied center stage, which became overcrowded with thousands of people. The eyes of the nation were enthralled by what appeared to be a major disaster movie taking place in their own back yard.
Most people lack an emergency plan for a crisis
An estimated 1,833 people died from Katrina. New Orleans isn’t the only city that is unprepared for a major disaster, however. There is statistical evidence that most major cities are just as unprepared to cope with a disaster as they are to evacuate during a disaster. According to a poll conducted by the National Center for Disaster Prevention, more than half of the families surveyed did not have an emergency plan for neither an earthquake nor a hurricane. In addition, they lacked essential emergency supplies like food, water and batteries.(4)
People who think that emergency help will arrive soon during a disaster are nearsighted as well. According to the same study, approximately one-third of the participants believed that emergency respondents would arrive within an hour during a major crisis. Another 30 percent believed that help would arrive after several hours, and 19 percent believed that help would not arrive for at least a day. In reality, emergency centers are burdened with phone calls during a disaster, many of which will not be responded to for several days. This became quickly apparent during the 9-11 terrorist attacks and the Fukushima disaster.(5)
Fracking poses threat to cities unprepared for earthquakes
A major earthquake striking a large, unprepared city doesn’t just make a good plot for a disaster movie, but is becoming a manifest reality of fracking.
Hydraulic fracking is a drilling process used to extrapolate gas from a well by injecting water, sand and chemicals into rock deep beneath the Earth. Oil and gas drilling has been moving closer to major cities in Texas over the years. The process wastes water in a region that is already experiencing a drought.
Major cities in Texas, like Dallas, are usually devoid of seismic activity. Evidence suggests that waste water injection is the culprit behind the recent earthquakes in Texas. According to the U.S. Geological Survey, the Dallas area has succumbed to 40 small earthquakes in 2015 alone. In January, the city of Irving experienced 11 earthquakes within twenty-fours hours. The quakes are tied to drilling in the Barnett Shale, which sits beneath western Dallas counties and stores approximately 40 trillion cubic feet of natural gas.
Major disasters can lay waste to cities from coast to coast, whether it be earthquakes in the west, tornadoes in the south or hurricanes in the east. Watching disasters unfold, both in movies and life, serves as a stark reminder that we too are dependent upon others and ought to prepare to protect ourselves and our families. It’s not a question of whether a disaster will strike a major city, but learning how to cope with a disaster whenever it does strike. We can reference the mistakes of past disasters to better prepare for the future. One way to stay clear of a disaster is to live outside city limits, and to be stocked with emergency supplies. From the comfort of your home, you can watch the disaster unfold both onscreen and off.