Introduction — Jul 5, 2014
After Sunni militants began targeting Shia shrines in Iraq Iran vowed to protect them.
Earlier this week Iran began returning Iraqi military aircraft that had been flown to Iran just before the U.S. led coalition launched air strikes at the outset of the 1991 Gulf War. Iran held the planes in lieu of reparations for its losses during the Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988, when Saddam’s forces had invaded the Shia republic.
With western backed Sunni militants threatening Baghdad however, Iran has now returned the aircraft, many of which had been pressed into service in the air wing of Iran’s Revolutionary Guards.
Given that twenty or so years have now passed since Iraq last flew Sukhoi Su-25 warplanes it’s likely that few experienced Iraqi pilots were left to fly them on combat missions. Making it likely that the returned Sukhoi Su-25s, which were reportedly airworthy and designed for ground strikes, were probably flown by Iranian pilots.
Iranian pilot killed fighting in Iraq: state media
AFP — July 5, 2014
An Iranian pilot has been killed while fighting in Iraq, state media reported Saturday, in what is thought to be Tehran’s first military casualty during battles against Isil jihadists.
Iran’s official Irna news agency did not say whether the pilot died while flying sorties or fighting on the ground.
It said Colonel Shoja’at Alamdari Mourjani was killed while “defending” Shiite holy sites in the city of Samarra, north of Baghdad.
His death comes after Iran’s declarations that it will provide its western neighbour with whatever it needs to counter the militants who are laying siege to the Shiite-led government of Prime Minister Nouri Al Maliki.
Samarra is a major flashpoint in the fighting and is home to the Shiite Al Askari shrine which was bombed by Al Qaida in February 2006, sparking a bloody Sunni-Shiite sectarian war that killed tens of thousands.
The reports of the pilot’s death came as Iranian officials insist their assistance is not in the form of troops, but rather of weapons and equipment if Iraq asks for them.
President Hassan Rouhani vowed last month that Iran, which is predominantly Shiite, would protect Shiite holy sites in Iraq, including in Samarra.
The Fars news agency appeared to confirm the Irna report, publishing photos of a funeral service for the pilot on Friday in his home province of Fars, in southern Iran.
Fars did not give any details, but hinted that Alamdari Mourjani was a member of Iran’s Revolutionary Guard, whose elite Quds Force is believed to be on the ground and assisting Iraqi forces, despite Tehran’s denials.
Earlier in the week, the Iraqi defence ministry said it had taken delivery of five Sukhoi Su-25 warplanes and released video footage of them being unloaded from a cargo plane.
The London-based International Institute for Strategic Studies said the jets came from Iran.